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Host Page (index.html)

Host Page

A host page is the HTML page that includes your ClojureScript program. Figwheel provides a default host page, but sooner or later you will want to supply your own.

The Figwheel server

Figwheel starts a server when it launches a build and/or a REPL. The primary purpose of this server is to provide websocket communication between the REPL and the client environment. Figwheel not only uses this connection to evalute compiled REPL expressions, it also uses it to communicate hot reloads, compile errors, and other things.

The secondary use of this server is as an initial development HTTP server. It can serve static assets (HTML, images, CSS, etc.) from the classpath (this is described in Classpaths). It also lets you supply a ring handler (via :ring-handler config option) to embed your own HTTP endpoints in the server.

The instructions on this page only apply if you are using the Figwheel server to serve your application.

It is important to note that you can and most likely should supply your own server to run alongside of Figwheel’s server as the needs of your project outgrow what the dev server provides. Figwheel is designed to handle the cross-origin communication necessary to make a connection to a page served by your own server.

Default Host Page

By default when Figwheel launches it navigates a browser to the root of the server (usually http://locahost:9500). In response, the Figwheel server provides a default dev page if the root route (/) fails and no public/index.html file is found on the classpath.

Including your compiled ClojureScript

When you supply HTML content for a host page, it is important to correctly include your compiled CLJS code.

By default, Figwheel will direct the compiler to output your compiled CLJS to target/public/cljs-out/[build]-main.js (substituting your build name for [build]).

If you have doubts about where the compiler is placing your output file, you can examine Figwheel’s start-up messages.

showing output file

As you can see in the above start-up messages, Figwheel is compiling the build to target/public/cljs-out/dev-main.js.

In order to include this file in our host page, we will utilize the path to the output file minus the classpath based webroot target/public. This leaves us with /cljs-out/dev-main.js as the path to our compiled ClojureScript.

You should take a moment to look at the content of this file. You will see that it is actually a bootstrap script which itself requires all of the necessary files for the program. This is not the case when you use a different :optimizations setting such :simple, :whitespace or :advanced. When these settings are used the output file will be a single file. You may be tempted to use these settings for development, but for the REPL and Figwheel to work the default :optimizations setting of :none is required.

When you include the output file on your HTML page you will want to place the <script> tag as the last tag in your <body> content. This is the convention for Google Closure compiled projects.

An example host page:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <link href="css/style.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
    <link rel="icon" href="https://clojurescript.org/images/cljs-logo-icon-32.png">
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="app"></div>
    <!-- include your ClojureScript at the bottom of body like this -->
    <script src="/cljs-out/dev-main.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
  </body>
</html>

The css/style.css file will need to be available on the classpath. In our running example, a good place for this file would be at resources/public/css/style.css.

Providing your own page

There are several ways to override the default dev page and provide your own page:

Supply a static index.html

The most common way to use your HTML content to host your app is to place an index.html file in a public directory on the classpath. The most common place for this is resources/public/index.html.

Using a page other than server root

Another way is to provide a static HTML page other than the index.html root page. This pattern is very helpful if you need to have several different host pages.

As an example, let’s say we want our build to use admin.html as the host page. First, we will create a resources/public/admin.html file and ensure that we are requiring our compiled ClojureScript correctly.

Once that is done we will want to make our build pop open the admin.html url in our browser. We can use the :open-url config option to do this.

In our build file we’ll set :open-url like so:

^{:open-url "http://localhost:[[server-port]]/admin.html"}
{:main example.core}

Create a Ring handler that handles the root route

It’s surprisingly easy to start building out server side actions in Figwheel. Let’s create a handler that responds to the root route and delivers the HTML content to host our app.

You can create a server.clj file right next to CLJS source files. In our example hello-world app the handler would be at src/hello_world/server.clj.

This file will be a Clojure source file rather than a ClojureScript source file and it will be running in the Clojure server process.

We are about to introduce you to some Clojure code. If you have never worked with Clojure up to now, I highly recommend you understand how to work with Clojure at the REPL before starting this. If you do want to go ahead with this example, first start your hello-world.core example build running with clojure -m figwheel.main -b dev -r and keep your the browser page open and in view while you code it, as this will give you important feedback about the correctness of the Clojure code as you work. Only configure the :ring-handler option when you are sure the code is correct and loadable.

Without further ado here is our fancy handler to serve our HTML host page.

(ns hello-world.server)

;; define index content
(def home
  "<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset=\"UTF-8\">
    <meta name=\"viewport\" content=\"width=device-width, initial-scale=1\">
    <link href=\"css/style.css\" rel=\"stylesheet\" type=\"text/css\">
    <link rel=\"icon\" href=\"https://clojurescript.org/images/cljs-logo-icon-32.png\">
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id=\"app\"></div>
    <script src=\"/cljs-out/dev-main.js\" type=\"text/javascript\"></script>
  </body>
</html>")

(defn handler [request]
  (if (and (= :get (:request-method request))
           (= "/"  (:uri request)))
    {:status 200
     :headers {"Content-Type" "text/html"}
     :body home}
    {:status 404
     :headers {"Content-Type" "text/plain"}
     :body "Not Found"}))

Fancy eh?

Now we’ll configure figwheel to embed the handler with the :ring-handler config option in our build file.

Let’s configure the ring handler in our example dev.cljs.edn:

^{:ring-handler hello-world.server/handler}
{:main hello-world.core}

Now when you start Figwheel and the browser opens up to display the root server route it will be served from your handler.

If you are creating an SPA with pushState routing you may want every route or a small subset of routes to return the home page. As you can see it would be pretty straight forward to modify the above handler to return the home page when needed.